…and to analyze the expected evolution of these flows. To this end, during the development of the demand study, two essential points had been taken into consideration: the increase in the demand in future years and modal transfers from road to more sustainable modes.
The CLYMA team initially analysed the current volumes exchanged among the different territories by the different transport modes have been analysed. Similarly the minimal requirements for modal shift were researched. Today the modal shift is not taking place mainly as the rail alternative offers services below the minimal requirements and expectations of its potential users. The chances to opt for a modal change depend on different factors and to have an unbiased analysis the total traffic volumes need to be split by product categories.
In the Mediterranean corridor, a significant demand of transportation comprises refrigerated or temperature-controlled cargo – which is sensitive to transit time and guaranteed delivery schedules. Currently this transport is done almost exclusively by road. As soon as rail is able to offer adequate solution to refrigerated multimodal units, very significant traffic could be shifted from road, increasing the demand of rail.
In future years, assuming that from 2015 rail will meet the minimum requirements for a modal shift, and assuming an annual increase of 3%, a generally accepted rate, it was possible to estimate the volumes expected by 2020 and 2030.
The study is accessible through the CLYMA website through the private section. For more information please contact the CLYMA project office: firstname.lastname@example.org.