Llorca points out the ¨lack of effective competition¨ in port services in Spain.

The government´s representatives claim that this can be achieved by systematic control of the conditions set by the Port Authorities to access the services.

José Llorca, the president of the State-owned Spanish Port System presented “Informe anual de los Servicios Portuarios en el ámbito de los puertos de interés general”during the meeting of The Congress of Deputies held last Wednesday, April 15th 2015. It was elaborated in 2014 and based on the 2013 data collected by the Spanish Observatory of Port Services.

Apart from a detailed analysis of the competences, economy, activity and resources of the ports, the report highlights the lack of the effective competition in some of the port services offered in the Spanish ports.

According to Llorca it is necessary to introduce competition to the market, in order to adjust the costs of the port services. Llorca defended the ¨minimization of the entry-exit barriers of the current and future providers¨ by ¨rightsizing the minimum requirements of human and material resources¨.
What is more, the president of the Spanish Port System recommended that all of the port authorities should prepare a business plan for all of the port services in order to establish a set of competitive prices.

At this point Llorca highlighted considerable discrepancy between the actual prices in the ports, frequently explained as a ¨historical inertia¨: ¨It is well known which of the ports are the most expensive¨, he added.

The president has also stressed that the port authorities should strictly require the necessary data from all ports operators, what is essential taking into account the application and development of the port information systems.

With regard to the competition in other sectors of the port services, Llorca highlighted the waste collection service as the most competitive, with a large number of operators and a single fixed fee of discharge service. On the other hand, in the line with the report, the ships towing services turned out to be the least competitive.