The BCN Zero Carbon project calculates emissions of each port activity, encourages their reduction and offsets the remainder through the purchase of carbon credits.
The Port of Barcelona has launched the BCN Zero Carbon programme with the goal of becoming a neutral port on carbon emissions for the passage of the goods, a pioneer project in the port area, by 2020. The programme consists of three parts: the calculation of CO2 emissions from different port activities; the implementation of actions to minimize them; and offsetting the resulting carbon footprint (parameter describing the amount of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) associated with a company, event, activity or life cycle of a product or service to establish its contribution to climate change. It is expressed in an equivalent of tonnes of CO2) by purchasing carbon credits generated for emission-saving projects that allow to neutralize their emissions.
According to a study by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), maritime transport is responsible for 2.7% of emissions of greenhouse gases, which have a global impact regardless of where they are emitted. The main sources of these greenhouse gases are the energy industry (35%), road transport (21.3%) and the productive and construction sector (18.2%).
In Europe, some of these sectors are already obliged by law to account for and reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases, inscluding energy companies, or waste or cement facilities. Shipping is not regulated, but the European Union intends to reduce the carbon footprint of this sector by 40% for 2030.
The Port of Barcelona, leader in different environmental initiatives including the promotion of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as fuel or the Ecocalculadora service (which allows to calculate the CO2 emissions from logistics and look for more sustainable alternative routes), is also a pioneer in managing their carbon emissions.
“Ports are key players in reducing the carbon footprint of transport, because in our facilities most logistics chains and various modes of transport converge, so we can facilitate modal shifts that favor sustainability. As a port, we are committed to minimizing our impact on the environment,” said the president of the Port of Barcelona, Sixte Cambra, adding that now also customers are asking for reducing the carbon footprint of goods.
Source: Spanish Ports